Sustainability and materials security:
- Lightweight materials (including metals, composites, hybrid structures and other structural materials and their associated joining and assembly technologies) applied to vehicles, structures and devices to reduce energy consumption and emissions, and increase efficiency
- Materials with reduced environmental impact through-life (including materials for packaging applications)
- Nanotechnology-enabled materials and functionality
- Substitution approaches to reduce the use of less sustainable materials or those that may become restricted or banned under EU REACH regulation (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals)
- Development of new materials technologies and processes to support a circular economy, for example tracking and through-life management of polymeric and composite materials, renewable raw materials, materials with self-healing or self-repairing properties
- Materials for infrastructure and asset protection and traceability, for example as a deterrent to theft
- Materials for sustainability of other world resources, for example bio-based and natural materials and composites
- Water purification.
Materials for energy
- Materials for cheaper and more efficient energy storage and management (chemical, biological, electrochemical, electrical, mechanical and thermal) – from mobile electronic and portable devices to grid-scale, for example batteries, supercapacitors, flywheels, hydrogen storage
- Materials for energy transmission/distribution that minimise energy, power and thermal loss during the transmission and distribution process, including both electrical and liquid fuel-based systems, for example superconductors
- Materials for high-durability energy generation at small scale (for example energy harvesting, micro generation) and large scale (for example ‘clean’ technologies, carbon abatement technologies, catalysts/fuel cells, photovoltaics, solid-state, magnetic materials).
High value markets
- Integration of new materials, coatings and electronics, for example for sensing applications
- Materials to survive in aggressive environments with extremes of temperature, corrosion, erosion or stress
- Bio-based materials.